find the latest legal job
Corporate Counsel and Company Secretary
Category: Generalists - In House | Location: Newcastle, Maitland & Hunter NSW
· Highly-respected, innovative and entrepreneurial Not-for-Profit · Competency based Board
View details
Chief Counsel and Company Secretary
Category: Generalists - In House | Location: Newcastle, Maitland & Hunter NSW
· Dynamic, high growth organisation · ASX listed market leader
View details
In-house Projects Lawyer | Renewables / Solar | 2-5 Years PQE
Category: Generalists - In House | Location: All Australia
· Help design the future · NASDAQ Listed
View details
Insurance Lawyer (3-5 PAE)
Category: Insurance and Superannuation Law | Location: Brisbane CBD & Inner Suburbs Brisbane QLD
· Dynamic organisation ·
View details
Legal Counsel
Category: Corporate and Commercial Law | Location: North Sydney NSW 2060
· 18 month fixed term contract · 3-5 years PQE with TMT exposure
View details
Antarctica: the cold hard facts

Antarctica: the cold hard facts

Discover some of Antarctica's facts such as being the driest, windiest and coldest continent on earth

FACT: Antarctica is the driest continent on earth

You may be forgiven for thinking that the driest place in the world is a desert, such as the Atacama Desert in Chile, however that's not the case. Antarctica is the surprising winner because, while it's mostly covered by ice, it receives the least amount of precipitation of anywhere in the world.

While rain is observed at times near the coast, most precipitation over Antarctica is in the form of snow or ice crystals. The average accumulation of snow over the continent as a whole is estimated to be equivalent to about 150mm of water per year. Over the elevated plateau the annual figure is less than 50mm while near the coast it generally exceeds 200mm.

FACT: Antarctica is the windiest continent on earth

When it comes to the force of a breeze, windy Wellington pales in comparison to the world's southernmost landmass. Radioactive cooling over the Antarctic ice sheet produces very cold, dense air that flows away from elevated areas and is replaced by subsiding air from above. The resulting katabatic winds accelerate downhill, enhanced by the intersection of glacial valleys, though upon reaching the coast they lose their driving force and soon dissipate offshore. The speed of these winds has been recorded at up to a mighty 327km per hour.

In coastal areas low-pressure systems can also interact with katabatic winds with resulting wind speeds exceeding 100km per hour for days at a time. Wind gusts well over 200km per hour have been measured. During windy conditions, loose snow is often picked up and carried along by the strong gusts.

FACT: Antarctica is the coldest continent on earth

The coldest temperature ever recorded on the surface of the earth was at the Russian Antarctic station Vostok where, in July 1983, the temperature dropped to -89.2ºC. But the continuously coldest place in the Antarctic Territory and on earth is Dome Argus. An automatic weather station records the daily temperatures at this site.

The ice thickness here is more than 3000 metres and it's not unusual for the air temperature one metre above the surface to be 10º Celsius colder than the temperature two metres above the surface. Dome Argus is nearly 600 metres higher in elevation than Vostok and the coldest temperature recorded here was -82.5° Celsius in July 2005.

Across the continent, the average annual temperature ranges from about -10° Celsius on the Antarctic coast to -60° Celsius at the highest parts of the interior.

FACT: Antarctica is the highest continent on earth

The average elevation of Antarctica is 2500 metres - to put this into perspective, the average elevation of Australia is just 340 metres. The Trans-Antarctic Mountains divide Antarctica into the East and West of the continent and constitute one of the world's longest and most impressive mountain chains, often exceeding 4000 metres in elevation.

West Antarctica includes the Vinson Massif, which has the highest peak in Antarctica at 5140 metres. Except for coastal peaks, only the highest Antarctic mountains show above the ice cap, some by only a few hundred metres.

FACT: Antarctica contains 90% of the world's ice

The Antarctic ice cap contains 29 million cubic kilometres of ice and if the continent's ice melted, it would cause the world's ocean levels to rise by 60 to 65 metres. But rest assured - it would take approximately 10,000 years to do so.

At the beginning of every winter, the Antarctic sea ice begins to expand and each day it advances by a mind-boggling 100,000 square kilometres.

Eventually, it doubles the size of Antarctica, as it adds up to an extra 20 million square kilometres of ice around the landmass.

That's one and a half times the size of the US or fifty times the size of the UK, consisting of an ice area that forms, then breaks up and melts each year.

Like this story? Read more:

QLS condemns actions of disgraced lawyer as ‘stain on the profession’

NSW proposes big justice reforms to target risk of reoffending

The legal budget breakdown 2017

Antarctica: the cold hard facts
lawyersweekly logo
Promoted content
Recommended by Spike Native Network
more from lawyers weekly
LCA president Fiona McLeod SC
Aug 17 2017
Where social fault lines meet the justice gap in Aus
After just returning from a tour of the Northern Territory, LCA president Fiona McLeod SC speaks wit...
Marriage equality flag
Aug 17 2017
ALHR backs High Court challenge to marriage equality postal vote
Australian Lawyers for Human Rights (ALHR) has voiced its support for a constitutional challenge to ...
Give advice
Aug 17 2017
A-G issues advice on judiciary’s public presence
Commonwealth Attorney-General George Brandis QC has offered his advice on the public presence of jud...
APPOINTMENTS
Allens managing partner Richard Spurio, image courtesy Allens' website
Jun 21 2017
Promo season at Allens
A group of lawyers at Allens have received promotions across its PNG and Australian offices. ...
May 11 2017
Partner exits for in-house role
A Victorian lawyer has left the partnership of a national firm to start a new gig with state governm...
Esteban Gomez
May 11 2017
National firm recruits ‘major asset’
A national law firm has announced it has appointed a new corporate partner who brings over 15 years'...
opinion
Nicole Rich
May 16 2017
Access to justice for young transgender Australians
Reform is looming for the process that young transgender Australians and their families must current...
Geoff Roberson
May 11 2017
The lighter side of the law: when law and comedy collide
On the face of it, there doesn’t seem to be much that is amusing about the law, writes Geoff Rober...
Help
May 10 2017
Advocate’s immunity – without fear or without favour but not both
On 29 March 2017, the High Court handed down its decision in David Kendirjian v Eugene Lepore & ...