Attorney-General Robert McClelland this week announced the lodgement of Australia's first national report for the United Nations Human Rights Council's Universal Periodic Review.
The ultimate aim of the review is to improve the human rights situation in all countries and address human rights violations wherever they occur.
Australia's first appearance at the Universal Periodic Review will take place in Geneva on 27 January 2011.
"The preparation of the National Report is an important part in our preparation for Australia's appearance before the Human Rights Council in January 2011," McClelland said.
"It provides an overview of the promotion and protection of human rights in Australia, achievements and challenges, and key national priorities."
The Universal Periodic Review is a new process undertaken by the United Nations Human Rights Council to review the human rights records of all 192 member states of the United Nations once every four years.
"As a public and interactive peer review of all UN member states, the Universal Periodic Review will ensure greater transparency and accountability regarding human rights issues," McClelland said.
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